India is an agrarian nation; its economy basically depends on agricultural technology and related products. Protecting crops from pesticides is an indispensable part of the agricultural process. If we look at the recent examples, the locust invasion was the highest in 2020 as compared to the last 25 years. The attack caused extensive damage to crops, for the most part in Rajasthan and Gujarat. Hence, pesticide companies in India and related industries have immense potential. What is Pesticide?Pesticides are chemicals that are used to kill all kinds of pests. The term \u2018pest\u2019 refers to insects, rodents, weeds, fungi, etc. (according to the World Health Organisation) Most commonly, pesticides are used in agriculture (to control damage-causing pests) and in public health (to kill vectors of disease). Pesticides are classified on the type of organisms they kill or control. Types of pesticides: Insecticide- Insecticide is a type of pesticide that is made especially to kill those insects that damage the crop.Herbicide- A herbicide is a chemical that can inhibit or control the growth of weeds or invasive plants that grow along with the main crop. Fungicide- A fungicide is a chemical compound that kills molds and fungus growing on the crop.Bactericide- Bactericide is achemical that is specialized in controlling bacteria.Bio-pesticide- These pesticides are derived from natural things like plants, animals, bacteria, and even minerals. Bio-pesticides production is being preferred by pesticide companies in India because they are comparatively non-toxic, sustainable and environment friendly. This segment of pesticides is considered as the future. In terms of consumption in India, insecticides are the most commonly used pesticide, followed by fungicides and herbicides. Commercial Pesticide Production The first use of pesticides in agriculture was when the Sumerians used sulfur compounds to control insects 4500 years ago. The industrial production of pesticides increased significantly in the 1940s because of the demand in the agriculture sector. The annual pesticide production was 217 metric tons in the fiscal year 2019, by pesticide companies in India. A large proportion of pesticide production comes from a few top pesticide companies in India. List of Top Pesticide Companies in India and Their Market capitalisation. 1. Bharat Insecticides Ltd. The company came into existence in 1977 and comes under the Bharat Group. It is a private company headquartered in New Delhi. It specializes in insecticide production, the turnover of the company is Rs. 11.0 billion. Some of the various insecticides the company produces are mentioned here. Biltora(insecticide)- It is a mixture of Novaluron (4.25 percent) + Indoxacarb (5.25 percent).Bilton - It is a broad-spectrum insecticide in the class of phenyl pyrazole.Tejas- It is a broad-spectrum insecticide in the class of pyrethroid.Billion (insecticide)- It comes in the thiourea group and is effect against a variety of insects. Visit the website- bharatgroup.co.in 2. Rentokil Pest Control India Ltd. Rentokil PCI was previously known as PCI (Pest Control India). It was established in 1954. The services Rentokil PCI offers include pest control, bio-pesticides, etc. The other pesticide companies in India focus on production of pesticide but, apart from crop protection, Rentokil PCI provides pest control equipment also. The various bio-pesticides that the company produces are mentioned below Niprot- It is a fungicide that is used against fungal diseases like root rot, collar rot, foot rot, etc.Su-Mona- It is a pesticide formulation that is used to kill soil-borne pathogens.Bio-Jaal- It is a combination of beneficial fungi that are used to alleviate the population of diamondback moth and other pests. To know more, visit the company\u2019s website- Rentokil PCI 3. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited HPCL was established in 1974. It is a public sector company that comes under Oil and Natural Gas Corporation. HPCL specializes in manufacturing oils and natural gas products. It also produces pesticides in the form of oils. The annual production capacity of HPCL is 15.8 Million Metric Tonnes (petroleum fuels and derived products). The crop protection products of the company are listed below- HP HMO- It is an environment-friendly and biodegradable pesticide. It is known to kill pests by smothering them. Some of the pests it works against are- aphids, webworms, tent caterpillars, mealy bugs, European red mites, etc.HP SPRAY OIL- This spray oil is effective for orchards like apple orchards. It can control pests like olive scales, mussel scales, san jose scales.TEA SPRAY OIL- It is used in tea plantations and helps to control red spider mites.RUBBER SPRAY OIL- This spray oil can be used in rubber plantations. Before application, it is mixed with copper oxychloride. To know more, visit the website- hplubricants.in 4. Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd. Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd. was established in Pimpri in 1984 and is the first public sector company by the Indian Government in the pharmaceuticals sector. It also specializes in producing agrochemicals like bactericides, fungicides, etc. Some of the products produced by the company are mentioned below- STREPTOCYCLINE-This bactericide is used to kill phytopathogenic bacteria and is used in various crops in order to control the bacterial infestation.AUREOFUNGIN- It is a broad-spectrum fungicide that can work against a variety of fungus.HUMAUR- it is a type of plant growth-promoter. To know more, visit the Hindustan Antibiotics website 5. BASF India Ltd BASF stands for Badische Anilin und Soda Fabrik. It is a German multinational company and is the largest chemical producer in the world. At the time of independence, there were challenges related to promoting the agricultural sector as well as protecting produced crops from pests. Therefore, several pesticide companies in India were established to solve this problem effectively. BASF India Ltd. was established in 1947. The annual turnover of the company is Rs 75.51 billion. BASF employs 117,000 all around the globe and is into industries like chemicals, Industrial Solutions, Nutrition & Care, and Agricultural Solutions. In the agrochemical sector, BASF produces chemicals like insecticides, fungicides, etc. some of the popular and widely used products are mentioned below. Sefina (for cotton and vegetable) - It is an insecticide incorporated with BASF\u2019s trademark ingredient called Inscalis which is effective against whiteflies and jassids.Basagran- It is a weedicide for rice crop and it helps to get rid of sedges and other broadleaf weeds.Acrisio- It is a fungicide and it helps in disease control against the Powdery Mildew.Adexar- It is a fungicide that helps in controlling sheath blight (a kind of fungal disease) 6. Bayer CropScience (India) Ltd Bayer CropScience is a subsidiary of German multinational company Bayer. It was established in 1958 and is headquartered in Germany. Bayer CropScience deals with seed manufacture, non-agriculture pest-control, and crop protection. Some of the most popular crop protection products are mentioned here. Admire- Admire is helpful for crops like cotton, rice, okra, and cucumber. It is a type of insecticide that is effective against jassids, aphids, thrips, etc.Adora- It is a type of herbicide and prevents weeds in the rice crop. To know more, visit the website- bayer.in 7. Sumitomo Chemical India Ltd. Sumitomo Chemical is a Japanese chemical manufacturing giant. The Indian branch \u2018SCIL\u2019 was founded in 2000. The company manufactures crop protection, animal nutrition, plant growth regulators, and pest control products. The annual turnover of the company is Rs. 24.23 billion. It produces a range of crop protection products like fungicides, weedicides, insecticides, fumigants, etc. let\u2019s take a look at some of the products. CELPHOS- It is a fumigant that controls pest growth in stored cropsSUMI MAX- It is a herbicide that contains Flumioxazin (fifty percent)LEADER- It is also a herbicide that contains Sulfosulfron (seventy-five percent).BORNEO- It is a miticide (a pesticide that specializes in killing mites)LANO- It is an insecticideMEOTHRIN- it is an insecticide that contains Fenpropathrin (thirty percent). Visit the website- sumichem.co.in 8. Rallis India Ltd. Rallis India Ltd is a subsidiary of TATA chemicals and is a leading manufacturer of pesticides and agrochemicals. It was established in 1948. Rallis India Ltd has launched the "Rallis Kisan Kutumb" Program with the help of which it has reached 1 million farmers in India. The turnover of Rallis India Ltd. is Rs. 22.51 billion. It produces a variety of products including pesticides, some of them are mentioned below. BLEND- It is a mixture of Dimethomorph and Ametoctradin. BLEND is a fungicide exclusively used for grapes.ATRATAF- It is a herbicide and it is used to control broad-leaf weeds in crops like sugarcane, maize, banana, pineapple, etc.DUTON- It is a dual-action herbicide used in the paddy crop. It is proven to control sedges, broad-leaf weeds, and grasses.CARTOX G- It is a granular insecticide that is used to control insects like whorl maggot and stem borer.APPLAUD 25 SC- It is also an insecticide effective against insects like planthoppers, leafhoppers, whiteflies, etc. To know more about the company, visit the website- rallis.co.in 9. Syngenta India Ltd Syngenta is an agrochemical company based in Switzerland. The Indian branch Syngenta India Ltd was established in 2005 as a \u2018not for profit\u2019 organization. The company specializes in manufacturing agrochemicals. The annual turnover of the company is Rs. 18.02 billion. Some of the products produced by the company are- Amitsar- It is a broad-spectrum pesticide and can be used in a wide range of crops.Ridomil- It is a fungicide that is administered in crops like potato, citrus, and tobacco to control oomycetes (a type of fungi).Rifit- It is a herbicide that is used to control weeds in the rice crop.Gramoxone- It is a herbicide that is used to control a range of different weeds.Chess- It is an insecticide that controls the rice planthopper. Visit the website- syngenta.co.in 10. Corteva Agriscience (India) Ltd Corteva Agriscience is the biggest agricultural organization in the world. It became an independent public company in 2019, and before that, it was the agriculture division of the DowDuPont. Corteva Agrisciences products include seeds and pesticides. In pesticides, it produces fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides. Some of the names of the products are mentioned below. Almix Weed Control- It is a pre\/post-emergent herbicide for rice.Curzate M8- It is a fungicide for disease control in various crops.Dursban Insect Control- It is an insecticide for pest control in cotton and rice.Karathane Gold Disease Control- It is a fungicide for controlling powdery mildew.Strongarm Weed Control- It is a herbicide for soya-bean crop. To know more about the company, visit the website- corteva.in 11. Coromandel International Limited Coromandel International was established in 1961 and it is involved in the manufacture of pesticides, fertilizers, and specialty nutrients. The revenue of the company is around $1,8 billion (in Fiscal Year 2020). The company produces around 50 products that help in protecting different crops. The products are produced under the name \u2018GROMOR SURAKSHA\u2019. Some of these products are mentioned below. Fungicides- Colastro, Aaroosh, Hexastop.Herbicides- Cormix, Eezykill, Pyramox.Insecticides- Aayudh, Benzer, Cyperkill . Visit the website- coromandel.biz 12. Biostadt India Ltd Initially many pesticide companies in India are not the solo producer of farming product they were neither alliance or not have individual market share. A part of Wockhardt Ltd, Biostadt demerged and came out as an independent company in June 2003. The company manufactures an array of products like fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, hybrid seeds, aqua products, etc. Some of the widely used products are mentioned below. Fungicides- Accuracy+, Alliance, Bavistin 50 DF.Insecticides- Auzar 25 EC, Banzo, Bioclaim.Herbicides- Ingold, Maachis, Nanchaku. Visit the website to know more about the company- biostadt.com 13. Hindustan Insecticides Limited The intensify use of fertilizers and pesticides in the agricultural sector has increased the responsibility of pesticide companies in India and farmers need a reliable and less costly source for agricultural activities. HIL is a Government organization and it comes under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers (Government of India). It was established in 1954. The company manufactures a wide range of products ranging from agrochemicals to fertilizers. It also manufactures bio-pesticides. Some of the products are mentioned below. Insecticides- Hillambda, Hilban, Hilmala.Fungicides- Hilthane, Hilzim, Hilcopper.Herbicide- Hilfuron, Hilpreti, Trinnashi. To know more, visit the company\u2019s website- Hil.gov.in 14. IFFCO (Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited) IFFCO\u2019s headquarters is in New Delhi and it was founded in 1967. It is a cooperative society that started with 57 cooperatives, and at present, it is an amalgamation of 36,000 Indian Cooperatives. IFFCO has reached 55 million farmers across India and has joint ventures with countries like Canada(IFFCO-Canada), Jordan(JIFCO), etc. The total income of the cooperative is Rs.2854.6 billion. IFFCO produces products on a large scale and as per the recent data on the website, the annual production reached 814.9 million tons. The cooperative manufactures products like pesticides, urea, and biofertilizers. Pesticides are produced in three categories- fungicides, herbicides, insecticides. Insecticides- Furusato, Genki, Chigo.Herbicides- Yokozuna, Zakiyama, Zakiyama Plus.Fungicides- Aniki, Gozaru, Kaguya. To know more about IFFCO, visit the website- www.iffco.in 15. Aditya Birla Chemicals Ltd. Aditya Birla Chemicals Ltd is a division of the Aditya Birla Group and was established in 1976. At present, farmers are not parochial to traditional agricultural activities; they are focusing on new technology and other agricultural products. Therefore it has to become necessary for pesticide companies in India to expand their scope and meet the growing demands of farmers. The division focuses on different businesses like chemicals, agribusiness, insulators, fashion yarns, etc. It produces a wide range of crop protection chemicals, some of them are mentioned here. Fungicides- Collin Power, Collin Power, Cortem M45.Herbicides- Aryzo, Atron, Butaman.Insecticides- Althrin, Bisil, Brofin. The future of the pesticide industry Pesticide companies in India are projected to increase production in the coming years. Over the past few decades, agriculture production has multiplied because of pesticide usage. Therefore, farmers prefer to use these chemicals. But, like DDT (Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane), many of the pesticides are toxic and non-biodegradable. Pesticides are known to contaminate soil, water, and they make the pests more resistant towards the chemicals. They are also known to impact farmers\u2019 health. Recently, Government has directed to pesticide companies in India and the Ministry of Agriculture released a draft order to ban 27 pesticides including chemicals like Carbendazin, Monocrotophos, Butachlor, Acephate, etc. Read more about the \u2018Banning of Insecticides Order 2020\u2019 To solve this problem, bio-pesticides and genetically modified crops have been introduced. Bio-pesticides Bio-pesticides are organisms or their products (enzymes and chemicals) that can be used for pest management without any harmful effects. They are the need of the hour because of their action and non-toxicity. Genetically modified crops GMCs are the crops that have altered DNA(deoxyribonucleic acid) to resist harmful pests. One good example of a GMC is BT cotton. It prevents the infestation of bollworm by producing insecticide on its own. Conclusion The agrochemical industry is worth $2.8 billion and pesticide companies in India stand at the second position in terms of agrochemical production. However, the per hectare consumption of India is far less as compared to countries like China and Japan. To meet the food demand of the nation in the coming years, it is crucial to develop the pesticide\/agrochemical industry. But, only increasing the production won\u2019t help. Pesticides and other agrochemicals should be made safer for the environment. For a better future, new and sustainable options like bio-pesticides and other non-toxic chemicals should be introduced in the markets and hence, pesticide companies in India have an expectant future.