Saturday, May 28, 2022
HomeEducationLiteracy rate in India in 2022- State-wise Literacy Rate in India

Literacy rate in India in 2022- State-wise Literacy Rate in India

The article provides information on the topic of what literacy is, the importance of literacy, hurdles between literacy, and the literacy rate in India. highest and lowest literacy rates in India. State Wise Literacy Rate in India

Literacy Rate in India: India is one of the largest, most populous, and most diverse countries in the world. According to UNESCO, India has a literacy rate of 79%. This means that nearly three-quarters of the Indian population can read and write. However, there is still work to be done in order to improve literacy rates throughout India.

There are many reasons why the literacy rate in India is low. For example, many people who can read and write do not have access to education.

What is literacy?

Literacy is the ability to read, write and express himself in society.

As a small kid, able to pass the school term and grow further, as an adult, he becomes able to get hired and earn money to feed himself and his family, and as a parent, they become able to support their kids in studying.

Lack of literacy snatch all this ability from a person. The cycle of getting literacy helps society to be more fair and mobile.

Importance of literacy:

Many people don't realize how important literacy is. Literacy isn't just something that is needed to read and write. It is a skill that can be used in many different ways. Literacy can help people learn more about the world around them. It can also help people learn how to work on computers, do math, and do other things. Literacy is important for everyone.

  • Literacy improves the development of the wider society.
  • Literacy reduces infant mortality rates.
  • Literacy empowers women.
  • Literacy positively impacts economic growth beyond the local society.
  • Literacy helps in being a responsible citizen.

Factors of low literacy in India

Low literacy rates in India are a result of a variety of factors. These include poverty, lack of education, and poor health conditions. India also has a very large population, which makes it difficult to provide everyone with access to education and literacy.

Measure literacy rate:

Literacy rates can be determined by surveying a population and asking them questions about their reading and writing abilities. This can be done through a questionnaire or an interview. The data from the survey can then be used to calculate the literacy rate for that population.

Literacy Rate = (number of literate persons / population) * 100

Literacy rate in India 

 The literacy rate in India is approx 79.1% with the 2022 census. India consists of 28 states in which the highest literacy rate rank is Kerala, and the lowest literacy rate rank is Bihar. The most literate union territory is Lakshadweep- 91.8% literacy rate. The least literate union territory in Jammu and Kashmir with a 68.7% literacy rate.

States with the highest literacy rate in India

1. Kerala:

 Kerala stands at no.1 in its literacy rate at 97.2% from 93.91% in 2022 as per the Indian census.

The reason for the successive literacy rate in Kerela is that it has always kept education as a top priority.

In 2007, total enrollment in elementary education was a hundred percent, and due to this, they completed 99% of schools in villages at just a 2kilometer distance. The highest literate district in Kerala is Kottayam at 97.4percentage, which is even better than the overall Indian literacy rate.

The lowest literate district in Kerala is Wayanad 87.5 percent. In 1980, the government of Kerala started a campaign for total literacy in Ernakulam district which being successfully replicated in other districts of the state.

The state launched Kerala State Literacy Campaign for the literacy program to enhance its effect.

Special attention was given to areas that needed more progress, like schools and understanding of the importance of education. For the successful execution of the state’s literacy program, officials and volunteers were also involved.

2. Delhi: 

Delhi is the capital of India. The chief minister of Delhi is Shri Arvind Kejriwal. Delhi is of great historical significance as a commercial, transport, and cultural hub, as well as the political center of India.

According to legend, the city was named for Raja Dhilu, a king who reigned in the region in the 1st century BCE.

It holds the top second rank in terms of literacy among other states of India. The literacy rate of Delhi is 86.2%.

3. Uttarakhand: 

With 87.6 percent, Uttarakhand holds third position. The male population's literacy rate is 87.4 percent and 70.01 percent literacy rate for the female population.

Related Articles:

States with the lowest literacy rate in India

1. Bihar

Bihar is the lowest literate state in India among all the states. The census of Bihar literacy changed from 2001 to 2011 with a big jump from 47 percent to 63.8%.

Hence, there was a significant increase in the literacy rate of Bihar from 2001 to 2011. The government launched many programs to boost literacy rates, but due to many hurdles, it can't succeed.

The areas where the most work is done and still has to do is poverty, social divisions, and caste discrimination. also are some of the hurdles that affect the literacy programs in Bihar.

Because of poverty, the students cannot afford to buy textbooks and stationery things and are forced to work on the farms. Teacher education is also a major issue in Bihar.

Some of the teachers are not capable of delivering well-educated sessions to students.

The highest literacy rate district in Bihar is Rohtas at 73.5 %.

The lowest literacy rate district in Bihar is Purnia, with 51.08%. 

2. Arunachal Pradesh:

The literacy rate in Arunachal Pradesh is 65.1%. It ranks in the top second position as the least literate state in India. The male population's literacy rate is 72.1 percent and 57.9 per cent literacy rate for the female population.

3. Rajasthan: 

The literacy rate in Rajasthan is 66.1%. It ranks in the top second position as the least literate state in India. The male population's literacy rate is 79.1 percent and 52.1 percent literacy rate for the female population.

Literacy rate in Jammu and Kashmir: 

Jammu and Kashmir is a region administered by India as a union territory and consists of the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947 and India and China since 1962.

Kashmir is also well known for its apple farming. The literacy rate of Jammu Kashmir is 68.7%.

Literacy rate in Punjab: 

Punjab is a state in the northwest region of India and is one of the most fertile regions. The name Punjab is derived from two words Punj means five, and Aab means water which means land of five rivers.

The five rivers are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum. Only Sutlej, Ravi, and Beas flow in today’s Punjab. The other two rivers are now in a divided part of Punjab, Pakistan.

The Punjab State divides into three regions: Majha, Doaba, and Malwa. Punjab has a literacy rate of 79.5% in 2022.

Punjab ranks 20th in literacy rate among all the states. The highest literacy rate in Punjab is in Hoshiarpur, and the lowest literacy rate is in Mansa.

Literacy rate in UP 

It is the fourth largest state in India. It is well known for its religious culture and popularity. The capital of UP is Lucknow.

Most of the religious and historical monuments are here, due to which people from all over the world travel here to explore.

The most literate district of UP is Gautam Budha Nagar, and the least literate district of UP is Shravasti. The literacy rate of UP is 72% which is less than the national literacy rate.

State Wise Literacy Rate in India

State / UTLiteracy Rate
Andaman & Nicobar Islands86.7%
Andhra Pradesh67.02%
Arunachal Pradesh65.38%
Assam72.19%
Bihar61.80%
Chandigarh86.05%
Chhattisgarh70.28%
Dadra and Nagar Haveli76.24%
Daman and Diu87.10%
Delhi86.21%
Goa88.70%
Gujarat78.03%
Haryana75.55%
Himachal Pradesh82.80%
Jammu and Kashmir67.16%
Jharkhand66.41%
Karnataka75.36%
Kerala94.00%
Lakshadweep91.85%
Madhya Pradesh69.32%
Maharashtra82.34%
Manipur76.94%
Meghalaya74.43%
Mizoram91.33%
Nagaland79.55%
Orissa72.87%
Puducherry85.85%
Punjab75.84%
Rajasthan66.11%
Sikkim81.42%
Tamil Nadu80.09%
Telangana66.54%
Tripura87.22%
Uttar Pradesh67.68%
Uttarakhand78.82%
West Bengal76.26%

Conclusion:

The literacy rate in India is a major concern. There are many initiatives underway to improve literacy rates, but there is still much work to be done.

Everyone deserves the opportunity to learn and grow, and we must continue to work together to make this a reality for all of India's citizens.

The article gives information on literacy, the literacy rate, and the rank Of India state-wise.

FAQs Related to literacy rate in India

Which state has the highest literacy rate in India?

Kerala has the highest literacy rate in India, with 94.5%. This is largely due to the state's investment in education and its focus on social welfare.

which state has the lowest literacy rate in India

According to the 2011 Census, the state with the lowest literacy rate in India is Bihar, with a literacy rate of just 63.8%. This is likely due to the fact that Bihar is one of the poorest states in India, with a poverty rate of nearly 50%.

What is the female literacy rate in India?

The female literacy rate in India is currently at 65.46%. This means that out of every 100 Indian women, only 65 are literate. There is still a lot of work to be done in order to achieve gender parity in terms of education.

RELATED ARTICLES

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -

Most Popular